Mozambican children today are more likely to have a healthy start to life than they did twenty years ago. Over the past two decades, the under-five mortality rate has decreased from 219 to 138 per 1,000 live births, the infant mortality rate from 147 to 90 per 1,000 live births and the maternal mortality ratio dropped to 520 per 100,000 live births.
Yet Mozambique still has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world. Gains in child and maternal well-being have not been even across the country, and large numbers of children and women, especially those living in remote rural areas, remain at risk. Every year, about 86,000 newborns die before reaching age one and an additional 38,000 die before reaching age five – nearly 340 every day.